順勢療法討論區 Homeopathy Discuss!

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Speaker ~ Dr Alexander Tournier

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admin 發表於 2015-6-6 15:35:59 | 顯示全部樓層 |閱讀模式
DAY 2 – 6 June2014 910-1030
Lab-based research & mechanism of action
實驗室為本的研究及作用機制
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Dr Alexander Tournier,
France.Physicochemical investigations of homeopathic potencies: a systematic review ofthe literature
來自法國。順勢療法效能的物理化學性探討:對文獻的系統評價
  
Background
  
講者背景
  
Alexander  Tournier BSc DIC MASt Cantab PhD
  
  
Dr Tournier  studied physics at Imperial College, London, and theoretical physics at the  University of Cambridge. He wrote his PhD on the biophysics of water-protein  interactions at the University of Heidelberg, Germany. For the last 10 years  he has been conducting interdisciplinary research at the boundaries between  mathematics, physics and biology, as an independent researcher for Cancer  Research UK (5th institute worldwide for molecular biology).
  
圖尼爾博士於倫敦帝國學院攻讀物理學,以及在劍橋大學修讀理論物理。他在德國海德堡大學以「水 - 蛋白質相互作用」完成他的生物物理學博士畢業論文。在過去的10年中,他在英國癌症研究中心(全球第五間分子生物學研究所)作為一個獨立的研究員,一直進行於數學、物理學和生物學等不同界別的跨學科研究。
  
Research area
  
研究範圍
Current  research points towards the likely existence of water structures which,  although being largely unexplored, in principle have the necessary  characteristics to explain the mechanism of action of homeopathic medicines.
  
目前的研究正指向水結構的很可能存在,當中雖然大部份仍未開發,但原則上已找到必要的特性,來解釋順勢療法藥物的作用機制。
  
  
The Water  Research Laboratory aims to investigate these new water structures using a  multidisciplinary approach involving theoretical physics, mathematical  modelling and experimental exploration.
  
水研究實驗室旨在運用涉及理論物理、數學建模和實驗探索等多學科的方法,以探討新的水份子結構。
  
  
In the field  of the physics of high dilutions, which has immediate relevance to  homeopathy, many research groups have reported interesting findings. In  particular, Prof Luc Montagnier (who won the Nobel Prize for discovering the  HIV/AIDS virus), has shown homeopathic dilutions to have electromagnetic  properties which differ from those of normal water
  
在高稀釋度的物理學界(跟順勢療法領域直接相關),許多研究小組已經報導了很多有趣的發現。特別是,呂克·蒙塔尼教授(他以發現愛滋病毒/愛滋病而贏得了諾貝爾獎),已經顯示出順勢療法稀釋液具有不同於正常水份的電磁特性。
  
  
In 2009, Nobel  Prize winner, Prof Luc Montagnier, and his team reported the results of a  series of experiments investigating the electromagnetic (EM) properties of  highly-diluted biological samples.
  
2009年,諾貝爾獎得主呂克·蒙塔尼教授和他的團隊,報導了一系列以研究高度稀釋生物樣本的電磁(EM)特性之實驗結果。
  
  
They found  that pathogenic bacteria and viruses show a distinct EM signature at  dilutions ranging from 10-5 to 10-12 and that small DNA  fragments (responsible for pathogenicity) were solely accountable for the EM  signal. The EM signature changed with dilution levels but was unaffected by  the initial concentration and remained even after the remaining DNA fragments  were destroyed by chemical agents.
  
他們發現,致病細菌和病毒從10-5到10-12的稀釋液中,能夠準確地表現出明顯的電磁特性,而電磁信號完全來自該小段DNA片段(負責致病的)。即使剩餘的DNA片段被化學試劑破壞,這電磁特性仍會隨著稀釋程度而改變,不受初始濃度所影響。
  
  
They observed  that the EM signal was destroyed by heating or freezing the sample. Also, a  ‘cross-talk’ effect was found whereby a samples interacted with one another  when left together overnight in a shielded container. It was also noted that  the samples needed be vortexed (a shaking process akin to succussion) for the  EM effects to be present. They propose that specific aqueous nano-structures  form in the samples during the dilution process and are responsible for the  EM effects measured.
  
他們觀察到,通過加熱或冷凍樣本,EM信號會被破壞。另外,他們更發現了一種「串音」效應,把兩個樣本放進同一個被屏蔽的容器隔離,過了一夜後,彼此被發現會出現相互作用。他們亦發現樣本必需要經過渦旋(一種類似於振盪法的晃動過程)才能保存EM效應。他們還提出,樣本經過稀釋過程會形成特定的水納米結構,從而引起EM效應。
  
  
With this  initial paper Prof Montagnier and his team have started a very promising line  of enquiry, which has direct relevance to homeopathy as they continue to  investigate the characteristic physico-chemical properties found in  high-dilutions of biological material.
  
有了這首席篇論文,蒙塔尼教授和他的團隊已經開始了一個非常有前途的調查路線,與順勢療法有著直接關聯,因為他們繼續調查高稀釋生物材料中,物理化學性質的特徵。
  
  
The initial  efforts of the HRI/WRL collaboration are centered around repeating the famous  basophil degranulation experiments of the late Dr Jacques Benveniste  (1935-2004), with the aim of making the experiment more easily reproducible  in standard laboratory setting and of studying important physical parameters  crucial to the phenomenon. In particular we aim to study the influence of  electromagnetic fields on the system, in line with Prof Luc Montagnier’s recent  results.
  
HRI/ WRL合作的初步工作,都是圍繞重複已故的本維維尼斯特博士(1935年至2004年)著名的嗜鹼性粒細胞脫顆粒實驗,目標是使實驗在標準實驗室環境下更加容易被複製,以研究關於該現象的重要物理參數。我們的目標尤其是研究電磁場對生物系統的影響,與呂克·蒙塔尼教授的最新成果一致。
  
  
Benveniste was  a eminent French immunologist, adviser to the French government on scientific  issue, he was the director of INSERM unit 200, directed at immunology,  allergy and inflammation.
  
本維尼斯特是一個著名的法國免疫學家,法國政府科學問題的顧問,他是INSERM單元200的指導者,專注於免疫學、過敏和炎症。
  
  
In a seminal  paper published in the prestigious journal Nature in 1988, Dr Benveniste’s  team of  reported their results  investigating the effects of high-dilutions on human basophils (a type of  white blood cell). They diluted a solution of human anti-IgE antibodies in  water to such a degree that there was virtually no possibility that a single  molecule of the antibody remained in the water solution. They reported, human  basophils responded to the solutions just as though they had encountered the  original antibody (part of the allergic reaction). The effect was reported  only when the solution was shaken violently during dilution.
  
一篇於1988年在著名《自然》雜誌發表的開創性論文中,本維尼斯特博士的研究小組報告了他們的研究結果,探討人類嗜鹼性粒細胞高稀釋液(一種白細胞)的反應。它們在水中稀釋人體抗IgE抗體的溶液至相當的程度,即水溶液中基本上沒有可能留有一個單分子的抗體。他們報導,人類嗜鹼性粒細胞對那稀釋液作出的反應,就像它們遇到原始抗體(過敏性反應的一部分)一樣。而效果僅出現於經過劇烈振盪的稀釋溶液之中。
  
  
This  publication led to a large controversy around ‘the memory of water‘. Since  then 28 scientific papers have been published in this area, 23 of which  reported positive results. Of the 11 publications judged to be of high  quality, 8 (72%) reported positive results.
  
此出版物導致出現了圍繞「水的記憶」的大型爭議。從那時起,在這個領域中,已發表過28篇科學論文,其中23份報導出陽性結果。被判斷為高質量的 11份出版物,8份(72%)報告出陽性結果。
  

Alexander Tournier.  Quantum coherence domains and nanoparticles – one and the same thing? Homeopathy,  Vol. 103, Issue 1, p79–80
  
量子凝聚域和納米粒子 - 同一個東西嗎?
  
  
A. Tournier*
  
* Homeopathy  Research Institute, London, UK.
  
Sat 1 June,  2014
  
  
Understanding  the physics behind the action of homeopathic dilutions has recently gathered  momentum with the new links that have being drawn between homeopathy and the  burgeoning field of nanoparticles. The advantages of such a connection are  clear in that this relation brings homeopathy research into the fold of  conventional material sciences. And it is all the more attractive in that  nano-pharmacology is an emerging field of research which is currently drawing  a lot of attention and consequently research funding. On the other hand we  have theories such as the Quantum Coherence Domains (QCDs), which have  previously been put forward to explain homeopathic dilutions, immediately  begging the question as to whether these quantum domains have anything to do  with conventional nanoparticles.
  
自從順勢療法與新興的納米粒子領域之間發現了新的聯繫,最近想了解順勢療法稀釋液背後的物理學研究勢頭不弱。這種聯繫的優點是清楚的,因為這種聯繫把順勢療法的研究歸入了主流材料科學的範疇之內。它是更具吸引力的,因為納米藥理學的研究是目前吸引很多關注和研究經費的新興領域。但另一方面,我們先前已提出有關順勢療法稀釋的其他理論,如量子凝聚域(QCDs),立即便出現了一個疑問,這些QCDs與傳統的納米粒子有什麼關係?
  
  
In this  presentation I will offer an overview of Quantum Coherence Domains and how  they differ and contrast from nano-particles. I will then put forward the  idea that QCDs are to be considered as nano-particles themselves, albeit of a  different types entirely from those that have been studied until now.
  
在2014年演說中,我會提供量子凝聚域的概述,以及如何區別和對比量子凝聚域與納米粒子。然後,儘管直至現今的研究中,QCSs與納米粒子是完全不同的類型,我將提出建議,先把QCDs視為納米顆粒本身。
  
  
I will present  the way in which these quantum-nano-domains are formed and how they are able  to record specific information. The way this information is then fed back to  the patient will be presented, showing how it can modulate the complex sets  of biochemical interactions at the basis of homeostasis.
  
我將介紹這些量子納米域形成的方式,以及它們如何能夠記錄特定的信息。介紹這個信息如何反饋給患者,顯示出如何可以在自我平衡的基礎上,調節一系列複雜的生物化學相互作用。
  
  
I will present  evidence that quantum-nano-domains offer greater explanative power than  conventional nanoparticles in a number of experimental settings. The evidence  for these quantum-nano-domains will be reviewed, highlighting areas which  remain problematic, and those open to further investigation and replication.
  
我將提供證據表明,在多個實驗性設置中,量子納米域比常規的納米粒子提供更大的解釋力量。我會跟大家看看這些量子凝聚域的研究數據,突出其仍然存在問題的區域,以及要進一步調查和複製的地方。
  
  
In the end we  are still faced with a very complex problem, we are only slowly unravelling.  At the present time many indications point towards the idea that  nanoparticles of some type are involved in homeopathic dilutions. These ideas  need to be verified experimentally, confirming or infirming the different  hypotheses, furthering and bringing needed clarity to this crucial field of  research.
  
最後,我們還面臨著一個非常複雜的問題,我們只能慢慢解開。目前許多跡象指向的想法是,順勢療法稀釋物涉及到某類型的納米粒子。這想法需要進行實驗驗證,確認或肯定不同的假設,推動和帶出需要的清晰度,以研究這關鍵領域。
  





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